The sympathetic 1980s and 1990s
Entering the White House in 1981, Ronald Regan applauded the 1975 Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. He explains that the only effective way for Indian reservations to develop is through tribal governments, which are responsive and accountable to their members. To assure this, his method was to cut as many federal funds as he could.
- Reservations were already in poverty
- Cutbacks were devastating to the Native American communities across the nation.
- Responding to threats, many tribes established gaming industries on their reservations.
- Gaming has engendered a new stereotype of the Native Americans.
The Emerald Forest: Noble and bloodthirty savages were imported in this film along with the stereotype of drunken Indians.
This film is about an American boy names Tommy who was stolen from a dam builder and adopted by the Invisible tribe (Noble Savages). The other tribe is the fierce people (bloodthirsty savages) who invades the Invisible people’s territory because the white dam builders have destroyed theirs. Invading the village, the fierce people kills everyone and kidnap the young women. In return, they sell the woman for alcohol and machine guns. Working together the white and invisible people rescue the young women and this scene depicted the low-life drunk fierce people.
War Party: A great deal of drinking was imported in this film although with violence. The main message of this film is that alcoholism is a problem in most Indian communities but more interesting is the film’s point that most of the Indians are not drinking to excess and do not approve of it.
In the film, Powwow Highway Northern Cheyenne tribe was forces to relocate because their nation on a Montana Cheyenne reservation was being taken over. Megan Riesz mentions that the developers were seeking to turn the reservation into a mining facility, which threatens the tribe’s existence. Philbert is a character that traded everything he owns for a beat-up old car (Rez car) and accepts Buddy’s plea to set off on a road trip to Santa Fe and bail out Buddy’s sister. Together they faced the world in finding their identities of being Cheyenne Native Americans in the modern day U.S.